HomeGrown Handmade Blog
15/11/2020 - By Maya Zadow
Agriculture forms the backbone of our society. Without farmers toiling away at fertile soil, tending to their crops, none of us would have fresh produce to eat in our homes. The experts recommend It is an occupation. Despite its unsurpassed significance in the modern world, remains woefully unrecognized.
Whether you’re a student aiming for an agricultural degree or just someone who wants to know more about the profession that brings fresh food to our table, here are a couple of basics that you should come to know about agriculture.
Terms to Remember
Here are three simple terms with similarly simple definitions to give you a quick rundown of words you’ll often hear when discussing the profession of agriculture.
Farmer – a farmer is a person in charge of operating the farm, taking care of its livestock and crops for use in producing food.
Farm – a farm is an area of land devoted specifically to agricultural processes like producing food.
Produce – unlike the verb, “produce” refers to crops and goods produced by a farm, which may include fruits, vegetables, and meat from livestock.
Orchard vs. Vineyard vs. Field Crop
These are three farming practices specific to the goods that they produce, and although they may often be swapped around, there are distinct differences between them.
Orchards would focus on planting and growing trees and shrubs as a way of producing fruits or nuts. This is where most fruits, primarily grown on trees and shrubs, are acquired.
In contrast, vineyards would focus on growing vines meant to produce a variety of different grapes. Vineyards are the source of wine, raisins, table grapes, and grape juice.
Both differ but more or less require the same fundamental principles as field crops, which cultivate crops such as wheat, cotton, hay, corn, rice, and so on—produce apart from fruits and vegetables.
At the immense scale and high demand that modern agricultural practices are set towards, farms will employ buildings and other infrastructure that many of us are already quite familiar with.
The needs of a farmer’s family don’t differ all that much from the basic living requirements of any other household.
You will see a couple of key differences, though, such as the need for a washroom in the rear entrance of the house, for the farmer to easily come in and out of the home without soiling the floor with dirt, gravel, and livestock waste.
As times change, there is an increasing need to modernize farmhouses to fit modern standards of living. In such cases, it would be much more cost-effective to simply renovate an old property.
Stud finders come in handy in this regard, especially for the farmer who’d much prefer renovating their home with their own hands.
Barns and Shelters
Apart from providing a home for the humans in charge of the farm, there should also be sufficient shelter for the livestock.
Many farms will employ multipurpose barns that can house a variety of different animals, while the more sophisticated farms with more budget on their hands will use specific type shelters for each kind of animal.
Storage for Crops
Similarly, farms with plant-based produce will also require sufficient storage for these crops.
Maintaining the appropriate moisture levels and ventilation is a must for crop storage, in order to keep the crop fresh for sale.
Silos are the most common examples of this, which you’ll even find in most pop-culture caricatures of farmland. These watertight structures are perfect for storing vast amounts of grain.
Storage for Machinery and Supplies
To maintain the longevity of machinery and tools, farmers will also often have structures within their property solely dedicated to storing tools.
A sturdy shelter is all the more important here, especially in keeping metal tools and equipment from rusting over.
Similarly, the same structure can be used in storing fertilizers and pesticides.